cropped-Point-BonneyDSCN68461.jpg

WHATS IN THIS BLOG: • Where are the Kansas earthquakes? • Disposal wells cause earthquakes. • What about earthquake insurance? • But earthquakes go along with economic development. • Regulations that worked. • Map of earthquakes versus disposal well locations.

I’ve written about earthquakes in Oklahoma, caused mainly by the oil-and-gas industry (see HERE and HERE). The numbers reached their peak in 2015-2016 and have been falling since then due to regulations by the Oklahoma Corporation Commission.

KANSAS REPORTED EARTHQUAKES NEAR THE OKLAHOMA BORDER. Same origin as the quakes in Oklahoma: disposal wells for getting rid of waste-water, which is mainly water produced along with oil and/or gas. The main culprit, in both states, was the Mississippi limestone, a formation that produces oil and LOTS of water in the regions northwest – northeast of Oklahoma City.… More “Where have all the earthquakes gone? Kansas.”

 WHATS IN THIS BLOG: • A series of earthquakes in Edmond yesterday. • The stats on these earthquakes. • Are earthquakes declining in Oklahoma? • Other pockets of induced earthquakes in the USA.

Just to clarify: each of my blogs centers on one of three things: (1) Inspiration and Hope, or (2) Science and Energy, or (3) Health and Hiking. Probably too broad a spectrum, but I can’t decide how to narrow it down.

One way to resolve this might be to write alternative blogs more often. I think I’ll try this…. maybe a new blog every few days. My goal for every blog is still to add value to readers.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Before I jump into this blog, which is about science, I mentioned in Lean On Me about a young woman who cannot drive without hand-controls.… More “The Edmond Earthquakes”

WHATS IN THIS BLOG: • Earthquakes in my Iphone. • Fracking doesn’t cause earthquakes. • Largest earthquake in Oklahoma was missed by forecasters. • Earthquakes are declining with time in Oklahoma. • What are the chances of a big one? • What to do if you are in the path of the big one.

THREE TIMES MY IPHONE WHISTLED AT ME LAST NITE. This means three earthquakes on my earthquake app. Here is what it told me: A 3.7 earthquake occurred close to Waynoka, Oklahoma. A 3.3 earthquake occurred close to Harper, Kansas. A 3.5 earthquake occurred close to Gardnerville, Nevada. The app tells me earthquakes of magnitude 3-4 can be felt by people but little damage.

The quakes in northern Oklahoma and southern Kansas have one thing in common: they occurred in an area that has been heavily drilled to extract oil from the Mississippi limestone.… More “Is Fracking responsible for Earthquakes?”

WHATS IN THIS BLOG: • The latest on fracking and earthquakes in Oklahoma. • The role of Oklahoma’s government in dealing with this problem. • Keys to problem-solving: diversity and collaboration.

THE GOVERNOR IS MARY FALLIN. THE SECRETARY OF ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT IS MICHAEL TEAGUE. Wait, Energy and Environment together??? These two are usually on opposite sides of the fence, often fighting each other. But in 2013 in Oklahoma they were combined under Teague, who was not an expert in energy or environment. His career included the military and private enterprise.  Teague made a recent presentation at Dr John Korstad’s invitation to a class at Oral Roberts University studying Sustainability.

Teague’s approach was twofold: to bring diversity to the problem table.… More “What is Oklahoma’s government doing about fracking and earthquakes?”

WHATS IN THIS BLOG: • Where was the earthquake? • Were there after-shocks in that area? • What causes earthquakes in Oklahoma? • To find out more about fracking and earthquakes.

EARTHQUAKES HAVE BEEN DECLINING IN OKLAHOMA, since the Oklahoma Corporation Commission issued a plan in February 2016 to cut volumes of saltwater disposal by 40% in a large area north-west of Oklahoma City. However, that area did not include the spot just a little east of the north-south line between Stillwater and Ponca City, near Ralston and Pawnee.

This morning, Saturday 3 September 2016, in a small area (but larger than the red dot), an equal largest-ever earthquake of magnitude M = 5.6 occurred at 7:02 am and was followed in the next 3.5 hours by five post-shock tremors of magnitude 3.1 to 3.6.… More “Earthquake! Largest-ever in Oklahoma! Today!”

WHATS IN THIS BLOG: • Four-year old boy illustrates how oil molecule travels through shale rock. • Oklahoma in 2015 recorded six times as many earthquakes as California. • Most of these earthquakes are a result of oil and gas activities. • Is fracking causing the earthquakes?

Earlier articles on Some truths about Fracking, Part 1 and Part 2, are available (click on the links, then minimize to return to this blog article).

PRESENTATION ON FRACKING AND EARTHQUAKES: On March 2 in the small town of Independence, Kansas, not far from the Oklahoma border, I gave a presentation to almost 50 attendees: teachers, corn and cattle farmers, lawyers, retired persons, as well as geologists and petroleum engineers.Ryker 2

THE ENTERTAINING PRESENTATION RELIED HEAVILY ON PROPS: (1) Ryker, aged 4, pretended he was an oil molecule and showed he had difficulty getting past people pretending to be lumps of shale rock in order to reach the wellbore.… More “Some Truths about Fracking (and Earthquakes), Part 3”

What’s in this article about fracking truths? • The revolution that is shale gas and shale oil. • Do fracs contaminate surface water? • Disposal wells…..and earthquakes.

Fracking Truths: The revolution that is shale gas or shale oil has been successful because many frac treatments are pumped one at a time along the length of a long horizontal well. Typically a mile long. Most of these horizontal wells are a mile deep, or deeper. This new technology has opened up enough conduits in the shale to get the gas out fast enough to make a profitable well.

The revolution took off around the year 2000 in the Barnett shale close to Fort Worth, Texas. At least one well has even been drilled under the Dallas-Fort Worth airport.… More “Some Fracking Truths, Part 2.”

If you’re goin’ to Oklahoma, don’t go in the month of May!

If you live in Oklahoma or Kansas, please be careful today or tomorrow (May 7 and 8, 2015). Tornado Alley forms in May, and stretches from Texas north to Nebraska. It includes Kansas and Oklahoma.

But Oklahoma always seems to get hit the hardest.

This May is no different. I am sitting in my chair in Independence, Kansas watching the weather forecast. “Tornadoes likely for today and tomorrow. Look at the forecast before you drive, especially in the evening.”

Last nite (May 6) a spray of tornadoes struck in Tornado Alley, with serious damage but no deaths. The following bullets are excerpted from an NBCNews bulletin. • Tornadoes roared across the plains on Wednesday, causing at least a dozen injuries, damage to homes and flash flooding in Oklahoma.… More “Oklahoma Wild: Tornadoes and Earthquakes”

Definitions: Fracking is hydraulic fracturing, a process where water (or similar liquid) is pumped down a well under high pressure. It is a proven technology in use for over 60 years. The pressure splits the rock like an axe splits a log, and creates fractures (cracks) in the rock containing the oil or gas.

The fractures grow in length and height, and act as conduits to allow the oil or gas faster access to the well. This means a higher production rate. The fractures are a bit like those you see in the sidewalk or roadway. They’re long but not very wide. Typical fracture widths are less than half an inch, and usually much smaller.

The revolution that is called shale gas or shale oil has been successful because many frac treatments are pumped one at a time along the length of a horizontal well.… More “Some Truths about Fracking, Part 1”

Follow

Get the latest posts delivered to your mailbox: